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Expertise in moral reasoning? order effects on moral ...

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By e schwitzgebel · 2012 · cited by 429 — chosen because they are well known among philosophers and also exhibited in non-philosophers' moral judgments. according to the doctrine of the double ...
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Expertise in Moral Reasoning? Order Effectson Moral Judgment in Professional Philosophersand Non-PhilosophersERIC SCHWITZGEBEL AND FIERY CUSHMANAbstract: We examined the effects of order of presentation on the moral judgmentsof professional philosophers and two comparison groups. All groups showed similar-sized order effects on their judgments about hypothetical moral scenarios targeting thedoctrine of the double effect, the action-omission distinction, and the principle ofmoral luck. Philosophers’ endorsements of related general moral principles were alsosubstantially influenced by the order in which the hypothetical scenarios had previouslybeen presented. Thus, philosophical expertise does not appear to enhance the stability ofmoral judgments against this presumably unwanted source of bias, even given familiartypes of cases and principles.1. IntroductionMoral judgment is sometimes claimed to arise mostly from automatic processes thatdepend little on conscious reasoning from general p...