Class 12b: secondary economic activity

Secondary economic activity ... clustering of industrial activity. • new or old cities ... from primary activity or manufactured goods. 20 pages
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Class 12b: Secondaryeconomic activity• Site and situation for industry• Weber’s locational triangle• Globalization and manufacturingSecondary economic activity• Adding value to primary products• Manufacturing, processing, energy,construction• Where? culture and economy >physical environmentIndustrial Revolution• 1750s in Great Britain• From cottage industry to factories• Technological change: steam engine– Iron: blast furnaces stay hot– Coal needed as fuel– Steam locomotive (1812)Industrial Revolution and geography• Clustering of industrial activity• New or old cities• Rapid population growth• Social changes• New industries: chemicals, food processingWhere does industry locate?• Situation factors– Cost of carrying inputs vs. outputs– Accessibility to different modes• Site factors– Cost of land– Cost and skill of labor– Availability of capitalAgglomeration economies• Economies of scale: producing additionalunits costs less than producing the first few• Benefits of concentrating many fir...